If one word described the evolution of the buy side’s relationship with the sell side in the past decade, it would be “empowerment.”
Since the 2008 credit crunch, technology, competition, and regulations have driven institutional investors to be more self-reliant than they had been in prior decades.
Buy-side traders are making more decisions regarding how, when, and where to trade rather than handing off their parent orders to their brokers’ sales desk. Asset managers also have inched closer to becoming liquidity providers as many have backed buy-side-only liquidity venues, such as BlackRock did with Aladdin in 2012 and buy-side consortium did with the Luminex dark liquidity pool in 2015.
“The term ‘execution consultant’ was barely on anyone’s radar 10 years ago,” said Spencer Mindlin, an analyst at industry research firm Aite Group. “Now sell-side firms are redefining themselves as execution consultants and are helping the buy side navigate the complicated markets as well as understanding upcoming regulation and market fragmentation.”
Fueling this evolution has been a trifecta of increased competition, enabling technology, and regulation, he noted.
Low volatility in the equities market combined with low-interest rates have made many asset managers take many of their easy-to-execute trades in-house instead of paying sales traders a three-cents per share commission.
This, in turn, has led broker-dealers to step up their holistic analysis of each client’s profitability.
“Regulations on how much sell-side firms can extend their balance sheets has forced the sell-side to pull back on its resources,” noted Mindlin. “At the same time, the buy side also is feeling competitive and cost pressures. It has led them to consolidate their relationships while trading more with fewer counterparties or eliminating counterparties that are not offering real value.”
The only way that the buy- and sell side can improve their respective efficiencies, and ultimately “do more with less,” has been through embracing, developing, and deploying the latest technology.
The rise of algorithmic trading and advancements in OMS/EMS technology have driven a fundamental transformation in how the buy side and sell side interact, according to Jonathan Clark, CEO of Luminex Trading and Analytics.